Жиренко Г.Н., Коваленко О.Ю., Овсянников Е.И.
Article reflects basic provisions of researches on problems of the population of the North Caucasus. This work allows to reveal regional features of social and economic adaptation of urban population at the beginning of the XXI century, and also to reflect the reasons and factors which will define a further migratory situation in the south of Russia. For the territory of the North Caucasus intensive development of the recreational centers of the country and first of all the resort towns of Caucasus Mineralnye Vody region and the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus is characteristic. Education in 2010 of North Caucasus federal district led to correction of long-term tendencies in a context of integration of ethnic migrants in regional community. The cities - the administrative and regional centers of Russian-speaking territories, and being far from places of the socio-political conflicts are most attractive to migrants of the city having favorable EGP on knots of large highways.